This includes the lion, leopard, rhinoceros, elephant and Cape buffalo. Several parks will give you the chance to see these animals, but Serengeti National Park is probably one of the best places to see them all. Elephants, buffalo and lions are common in the park, and these animals all tend to spend time out in the open.
The Serengeti is arguably Tanzania’s best park. Great herds of buffalo, smaller groups of elephant and giraffe, and many other ungulates (hooved animals) such as eland, topi, kongoni, impala and Grant’s gazelle are resident at any time of the year. All three big cats are easily seen. Lion are everywhere and are often found on a kill.
MILIONS OF ANIMALS
The Serengeti has more than 2 million herbivores and thousands of predators. Blue Wildebeests, gazelles, zebras and buffalos are the animals most commonly found in the region.
IS GIRAFFE FOUND THERE?
Geographic Scope. Giraffes live in sub- Saharan Africa, south of the Sahara Desert, from Niger all the way to Zimbabwe and Botswana. The largest concentration is in central eastern Africa. Many wild giraffes populate Kenya and Tanzania. Masai giraffes live in the Serengeti while the Nigerian giraffe is found in Western Africa.
For birders, there are more than 500 species in the park, including a few Tanzanian endemic species, such as Fischer’s lovebird, grey-breasted spurfowl and rufous-tailed weaver. Other birding highlights include Kori bustard, secretary bird, usambiro barbet, yellow-throated sandgrouse, grey-crested helmet shrike, and Hildebrandt’s starling.
The annual migration of the wildebeest is one of the most impressive sights in Africa. About 1 million wildebeest are constantly on the move following the path of the rains and the new grass. Much of their journey passes through various parts of the Serengeti eco-system. In the southern short grass plains, they give birth, from January through to March. Then up through the northern Serengeti, they travel, with a two-month absence into the Maasai Mara in Kenya for September and October. In November, the short rains bring them south back into the Serengeti to start the process all over. It’s not only the wildebeest; herds of zebra and gazelle follow a similar pattern.
THE BEST TIME TO VISIT SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK
The best times to visit Serengeti National Park are from January to February or from June through September, although you should plan your trip around the movement of The Great Migration. For example, winter is the best time to see the herd in Southern Serengeti, while the Western Corridor and Northern Serengeti are the best places to spend the summer and autumn months. Most safari operators will have a good idea of where the animals are headed and when, and most will adjust their itineraries based on the herd’s movement. Temperatures remain relatively constant with daytime highs resting in the 80s. You’ll find cooler weather in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area due to its higher elevation. April and May see the most rainfall, and many lodges and camps close for this slower season.